Spring Boot 集成 AmazonS3 存储服务教程

原文链接:https://www.changxuan.top/?p=963

环境准备

  1. Java环境:JDK6以上版本
  2. SpringBoot 2.2.5
  3. 存储服务的 accessKey、secreKey 以及 地址:端口

使用

1. 引入依赖

pom.xml 文件中添加下列依赖:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.amazonaws</groupId>
    <artifactId>aws-java-sdk</artifactId>
    <version>1.11.433</version>
</dependency>

2. 初始化

> 简单模式

String accessKey = "your-accesskey";
String secretKey = "your-secretKey";

AWSCredentials credentials = new BasicAWSCredentials(accessKey, secretKey);
AmazonS3 conn = AmazonS3ClientBuilder.standard()
                .withCredentials(new AWSStaticCredentialsProvider(credentials))
                .withEndpointConfiguration(new AwsClientBuilder.EndpointConfiguration("endpoint","region"))
                .build();

示例:

String accessKey = "TPDDEA5PCT9C8RUPKAWW";
String secretKey = "ryesPMSiSfOzaP1TkFe9TIOBnxpdrA2sw6isFwDZ";

AWSCredentials credentials = new BasicAWSCredentials(accessKey, secretKey);
AmazonS3 conn = AmazonS3ClientBuilder.standard()
                .withCredentials(new AWSStaticCredentialsProvider(credentials))
                .withEndpointConfiguration(new   AwsClientBuilder.EndpointConfiguration("http://10.200.100.37:7480","region"))
                .build();

> 配置模式

import com.amazonaws.ClientConfiguration;
import com.amazonaws.Protocol;
import com.amazonaws.auth.AWSCredentials;
import com.amazonaws.auth.AWSStaticCredentialsProvider;
import com.amazonaws.auth.BasicAWSCredentials;
import com.amazonaws.client.builder.AwsClientBuilder;
import com.amazonaws.services.s3.AmazonS3;
import com.amazonaws.services.s3.AmazonS3ClientBuilder;

String accessKey = "your-accesskey";
String secretKey = "your-secretKey ";
AWSCredentials credentials = new BasicAWSCredentials(accessKey,secretKey);
ClientConfiguration conf = new ClientConfiguration();
// 设置AmazonS3使用的最大连接数
conf.setMaxConnections(200);
// 设置socket超时时间
conf.setSocketTimeout(10000);
// 设置失败请求重试次数
conf.setMaxErrorRetry(2);
// 如果要用https协议,请加上下面语句
conf.setProtocol(Protocol.HTTPS);

//AmazonS3 s3Client = new AmazonS3Client(credentials,clientConfiguration);
//s3Client.setEndpoint(endPoint);
AmazonS3 s3Client = AmazonS3ClientBuilder.standard()
	            .withCredentials(new AWSStaticCredentialsProvider(credentials))
	            .withEndpointConfiguration(new AwsClientBuilder.EndpointConfiguration("endpoint","region"))
            .withClientConfiguration(conf)
            .build();//endpoint,region请指定为NOS支持的

示例:

Amazon3 是线程安全的,因此可以将其注入到 Spring 容器中进行管理。

@AmazonS3Config.java

import com.amazonaws.ClientConfiguration;
import com.amazonaws.Protocol;
import com.amazonaws.auth.AWSCredentials;
import com.amazonaws.auth.AWSStaticCredentialsProvider;
import com.amazonaws.auth.BasicAWSCredentials;
import com.amazonaws.client.builder.AwsClientBuilder;
import com.amazonaws.services.s3.AmazonS3;
import com.amazonaws.services.s3.AmazonS3ClientBuilder;
import com.amazonaws.services.s3.model.CreateBucketRequest;
import com.amazonaws.services.s3.transfer.TransferManager;
import com.amazonaws.services.s3.transfer.TransferManagerBuilder;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.EnableConfigurationProperties;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

/**
 * @Author: ChangXuan
 * @Decription: 初始化AmazonS3实例
 * @Date: 17:33 2020/6/3
 **/
@Configuration
@EnableConfigurationProperties(UploadConfig.class)
public class AmazonS3Config {

    @Autowired
    private UploadConfig uploadConfig;

    @Bean(name = "amazonS3")
    public AmazonS3 getAmazonS3(){
        String accessKey = uploadConfig.getCeph().getAccessKey();
        String secretKey = uploadConfig.getCeph().getSecretKey();
        AWSCredentials credentials = new BasicAWSCredentials(accessKey,secretKey);
        ClientConfiguration conf = new ClientConfiguration();
        // 设置AmazonS3使用的最大连接数
        conf.setMaxConnections(uploadConfig.getCeph().getAmazonS3MaxConnections());
        // 设置socket超时时间
        conf.setSocketTimeout(uploadConfig.getCeph().getAmazonS3SocketTimeout());
        // 设置失败请求重试次数
        conf.setMaxErrorRetry(uploadConfig.getCeph().getAmazonS3MaxErrorRetry());
        // 设置协议
        if (!"blank".equals(uploadConfig.getCeph().getAmazonS3Protocol())){
            switch (uploadConfig.getCeph().getAmazonS3Protocol()){
                case "https":
                    conf.setProtocol(Protocol.HTTPS);
                    break;
                case "http":
                    conf.setProtocol(Protocol.HTTP);
                    break;
                default:
                    break;
            }
        }
        AmazonS3 s3Client = AmazonS3ClientBuilder.standard()
                .withCredentials(new AWSStaticCredentialsProvider(credentials))
                .withEndpointConfiguration(new AwsClientBuilder.EndpointConfiguration(uploadConfig.getCeph().getHosts().get(0),uploadConfig.getCeph().getRegion()))
                .withClientConfiguration(conf)
                .build();
        checkAndCreateBucket(s3Client);
        return s3Client;
    }


    @Bean(name = "transferManager")
    public TransferManager getTransferManager(){
        return TransferManagerBuilder.standard().withS3Client(getAmazonS3()).build();
    }


    /**
     * 检查桶是否存在,不存在则创建创建
     * @param s3Client
     */
    private void checkAndCreateBucket(AmazonS3 s3Client){
        boolean exists = s3Client.doesBucketExistV2(uploadConfig.getCeph().getBucketName());
        if (!exists){
            CreateBucketRequest request = new CreateBucketRequest(uploadConfig.getCeph().getBucketName());
            s3Client.createBucket(request);
        }
    }

@UploadConfig.java

import lombok.Data;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.ConfigurationProperties;

/**
 * @Author: ChangXuan
 * @Decription: 上传 配置
 * @Date: 17:25 2020/6/3
 **/
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "upload")
@Data
public class UploadConfig {
    private CephConfig ceph;
}

@CephConfig.java

import com.google.common.collect.Lists;
import lombok.Data;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * @Author: ChangXuan
 * @Decription:配置
 * @Date: 17:28 2020/6/3
 **/
@Data
public class CephConfig {

    /**
     * 集群ip:port
     */
    private List<String> hosts = Lists.newArrayList();

    private String accessKey;

    private String secretKey;

    private String region;

    /**
     * 连接协议
     */
    private String amazonS3Protocol;

    /**
     * 失败请求重试次数
     */
    private Integer amazonS3MaxErrorRetry;

    /**
     * 超时时间
     */
    private Integer amazonS3SocketTimeout;

    /**
     * 最大连接数
     */
    private Integer amazonS3MaxConnections;

    /**
     * 桶名称
     */
    private String bucketName;

}

@application.yml

upload:
  ceph:
    bucketName: ic-storage-dev
    region: region
    hosts:
      - "10.200.100.37:7480"
      - "10.200.100.38:7480"
      - "10.200.100.39:7480"
    accessKey: TPDDEA5PCT9C8RUPKAWW
    secretKey: ryesPMSiSfOzaP1TkFe9TIWQnxpdrA2sw6isFwDZ
    amazonS3MaxConnections: 200
    amazonS3SocketTimeout: 10000
    amazonS3MaxErrorRetry: 2
    amazonS3Protocol: http

3. 依赖注入

@Autowired
private AmazonS3 amazonS3;

//或

@Autowired
private TransferManager transferManager;

4. 文件操作

文件上传

1. 直接内容上传
//要上传文件内容
String content = "Object content";
try {
   amazonS3.putObject("your-bucketname","your-objectname",content);
}catch (Exception e){
   System.out.println(e.getMessage());
}
2. 本地文件普通上传

对于小对象可以使用putObject接口进行上传,putObject上传支持的最大文件大小为100M,如果上传大于100M的文件需要使用分块上传。本地文件普通上传的示例代码如下:

//要上传文件的路径
String filePath = "your-local-file-path";
try {
   amazonS3.putObject("your-bucketname","your-objectname", new File(filePath));
}catch (Exception e){
   System.out.println(e.getMessage());
}
3. 上传文件时设置文件元数据信息
String filePath = "your-local-file-path";
ObjectMetadata objectMetadata = new ObjectMetadata();
//设置Content-Type
objectMetadata.setContentType("application/xml");
//设置标准http消息头(元数据)
objectMetadata.setHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache");
//设置用户自定义元数据信息
Map<String, String> userMeta = new HashMap<String, String>();
userMeta.put("ud", "test");
objectMetadata.setUserMetadata(userMeta);
PutObjectRequest putObjectRequest = new PutObjectRequest("your-bucketname","your-objectname", new File(filePath));
putObjectRequest.setMetadata(objectMetadata);
amazonS3.putObject(putObjectRequest);
4. 流式上传
try {
   ObjectMetadata objectMetadata = new ObjectMetadata();
   //设置流的长度,您还可以设置其他文件元数据信息
   objectMetadata.setContentLength(streamLength);
   amazonS3.putObject("your-bucketname","your-objectname", inputStream, objectMetadata)
}catch (Exception e){
   System.out.println(e.getMessage());
}

文件下载

1. 流式下载
S3Object fileObject = amazonS3.getObject("your-bucketname","your-objectname");
//可以通过getObjectMetadata方法获取对象的ContentType等元数据信息
String contentType = fileObject.getObjectMetadata().getContentType();
//流式获取文件内容
InputStream in = fileObject.getObjectContent();
BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(in));
while (true) {
  String line;
  try {
    line = reader.readLine();
    if (line == null) break;
    System.out.println("\n" + line);
  } catch (IOException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
  }
}
try {
  reader.close();
} catch (IOException e) {
  e.printStackTrace();
}
2. 下载到本地文件
String destinationFile = "your-local-filepath";
GetObjectRequest getObjectRequest = new GetObjectRequest("your-bucketname","your-objectname");
ObjectMetadata objectMetadata = amazonS3.getObject(getObjectRequest, new File(destinationFile));
3. Range 下载
GetObjectRequest getObjectRequest = new GetObjectRequest("your-bucketname","your-objectname");
getObjectRequest.setRange(0, 100);
S3Object nosObject = amazonS3.getObject(getObjectRequest);
BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(in));
while (true) {
  String line;
  try {
    line = reader.readLine();
    if (line == null) break;
      System.out.println("\n" + line);
  } catch (IOException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
  }
}
try {
  reader.close();
} catch (IOException e) {
  e.printStackTrace();
}

文件管理

判断文件是否存在

您可以通过AmazonS3.doesObjectExist判断文件是否存在。

boolean isExist = amazonS3.doesObjectExist("your-bucketname","your-objectname");
文件删除

您可以通过AmazonS3.deleteObject删除单个文件

amazonS3.deleteObject("your-bucketname","your-objectname");

您还可以通过AmazonS3.deleteObjects一次删除多个文件

try {
    DeleteObjectsResult result = amazonS3.deleteObjects(deleteObjectsRequest);
    List<DeletedObject>  deleteObjects = result.getDeletedObjects();
    //print the delete results
    for (DeletedObject items: deleteObjects){
      System.out.println(items.getKey());
    }
// 部分对象删除失败
} catch (MultiObjectDeleteException e) { 
    List<DeleteError> deleteErrors = e.getErrors();
    for (DeleteError error : deleteErrors) {
        System.out.println(error.getKey());
    }
} catch (AmazonServiceException  e) {
        //捕捉服务器异常错误
} catch (AmazonClientException ace) {
       //捕捉客户端错误
}
获取文件元数据信息

您可以通过AmazonS3.getObjectMetadata获取文件元数据信息

amazonS3.getObjectMetadata("your-bucketname","your-objectname");
文件复制(copy)

您可以通过AmazonS3.copyObject接口实现文件拷贝功能。

amazonS3.copyObject("source-bucket", "source-object", "dst-bucket", "dst-object");
列举桶内文件

您可以通过AmazonS3.listObjects列出桶里的文件。listObjects接口如果调用成功,会返回一个ObjectListing对象,列举的结果保持在该对象中。

ObjectListing的具体信息如下表所示:

方法含义
List getObjectSummaries()返回的文件列表(包含文件的名称、Etag的元数据信息)
String getPrefix()本次查询的文件名前缀
String getDelimiter()文件分界符
String getMarker()这次List Objects的起点
int getMaxKeys()响应请求内返回结果的最大数目
String getNextMarker()下一次List Object的起点
boolean isTruncated()是否截断,如果因为设置了limit导致不是所有的数据集都返回,则该值设置为true
List getCommonPrefixes()如果请求中指定了delimiter参数,则返回的包含CommonPrefixes元素。该元素标明以delimiter结尾,并有共同前缀的对象的集合

AmazonS3.listObjects接口提供两种调用方式:简单列举、通过ListObjectsRequest列举

简单列举

简单列举只需指定需要列举的桶名,最多返回100条对象记录,建议桶内对象数较少时(小于100)使用。

ObjectListing objectListing = amazonS3.listObjects("your-bucketname");
List<S3ObjectSummary> sums = objectListing.getObjectSummaries();
for (S3ObjectSummary s : sums) {
  System.out.println("\t" + s.getKey());
}
通过ListObjectsRequest列举

您还可以通过设置ListObjectsReques参数实现各种灵活的查询功能。ListObjectsReques的可设置的参数如下:

设置方法作用
setPrefix(String prefix)限定返回的object key必须以prefix作为前缀
setDelimiter(String delimiter)是一个用于对Object名字进行分组的字符。所有名字包含指定的前缀且第一次出现delimiter字符之间的object作为一组元素——CommonPrefixes
setMarker(String marker)字典序的起始标记,只列出该标记之后的部分
setMaxKeys(Integer maxKeys)限定返回的数量,返回的结果小于或等于该值(默认值为100)

1、分页列举桶内的所有文件:

List<S3ObjectSummary> listResult = new ArrayList<S3ObjectSummary>();
ListObjectsRequest listObjectsRequest = new ListObjectsRequest();
listObjectsRequest.setBucketName("your-bucketname");
listObjectsRequest.setMaxKeys(50);
ObjectListing listObjects = amazonS3.listObjects(listObjectsRequest);
do {
  listResult.addAll(listObjects.getObjectSummaries());
  if (listObjects.isTruncated()) {
    ListObjectsRequest request = new ListObjectsRequest();
    request.setBucketName(listObjectsRequest.getBucketName());
    request.setMarker(listObjects.getNextMarker());
    listObjects =  amazonS3.listObjects(request);
  } else {
    break;
  }
} while (listObjects != null);

2、使用Delimiter模拟文件夹功能

假设桶内有如下对象:a/1.jpg、a/2.jpg、a/b/1.txt、a/b/2.txt,列举a文件夹下的文件及子文件夹的示例代码如下:

ListObjectsRequest listObjectsRequest = new ListObjectsRequest();
listObjectsRequest.setBucketName("your-bucketname");
listObjectsRequest.setDelimiter("/");
listObjectsRequest.setPrefix("a/");
ObjectListing listing = amazonS3.listObjects(listObjectsRequest);
// 遍历所有Object
System.out.println("Objects:");
for (S3ObjectSummary objectSummary : listing.getObjectSummaries()) {
    System.out.println(objectSummary.getKey());
}
// 遍历所有CommonPrefix
System.out.println("CommonPrefixs:");
for (String commonPrefix : listing.getCommonPrefixes()) {
    System.out.println(commonPrefix);
}

示例代码的输出如下:

Objects:

a/1.jpg

a/2.jpg

CommonPrefixs:

a/b/

生成私有对象可下载的URL链接

AWS Java SDK支持生成可下载私有对象的URL连接,您可以将该链接提供给第三方进行文件下载:

GeneratePresignedUrlRequest generatePresignedUrlRequest = new GeneratePresignedUrlRequest(bucketName, key);
// 设置可下载URL的过期时间为1天后
generatePresignedUrlRequest.setExpiration(new Date(System.currentTimeMillis()+3600*1000*24));
URL url = amazonS3.generatePresignedUrl(generatePresignedUrlRequest);//生成URL
System.out.println(url);//可以用这个url来下载文件

文件上传下载工具类 TransferManager

前文提到的是 Java SDK提供的基础接口,为方便用户进行文件上传下载,Java SDK提供了封装更好、使用更方便的工具类:TransferManager。

TransferManager的初始化

注:在 SpringBoot 项目中 TransferManager 的初始化 参考上述 [配置模式](#### 配置模式)

//先实例化一个AmazonS3
String accessKey = "your-accesskey";
String secretKey = "your-secretKey ";
Credentials credentials = new BasicCredentials(accessKey, secretKey);
AmazonS3 amazonS3 = new AmazonS3(credentials);
amazonS3.setEndpoint(endPoint);
//然后通过AmazonS3对象来初始化TransferManager
TransferManager transferManager = new TransferManager(amazonS3);
Download download = transferManager.download(TestConfig.bucketName,key,new File("localFilePath"));
try {
    download.waitForCompletion();
} catch (InterruptedException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
}
使用TransferManager进行文件上传

TransferManager会根据文件大小,选择是否进行分块上传。当文件小于等于16M时,TransferManager会自动调用PutObject接口,否则TransferManager会自动对文件进行分块上传。

1、上传本地文件:

如果指定上传的本地文件大于16M,TransferManager会自动对文件进行分块,并发调用分块上传接口进行上传,大大提高上传文件的速度。

//上传文件
Upload upload = transferManager.upload("your-bucketname", "your-objectname", new File("your-file"));
try {
    upload.waitForUploadResult();
} catch (InterruptedException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
}

2、流式上传:

您也可以使用TransferManager进行流式上传,但是相比本地文件上传,流式上传无法做到多个分块并发上传,只能一个分块一个分块顺序上传。

//流式上传文件
ObjectMetadata objectMetadata = new ObjectMetadata();
objectMetadata.setContentLength(file.length());
Upload upload = transferManager.upload("your-bucketname", "your-objectname", inputStream, objectMetadata);
UploadResult  result = upload.waitForUploadResult();

3、上传目录

您可以使用TransferManager将某个目录下的文件全部上传到NOS,对象名即文件名

  • 3.1 不支持多级目录
MultipleFileUpload result = transferManager.uploadDirectory("your-buckename", null, new File("dirPath"), false);
result.waitForCompletion();
  • 3.2 支持多级目录,会递归的上传目录下的所有文件
MultipleFileUpload result = transferManager.uploadDirectory("your-buckename", null, new File("dirPath"), true);
result.waitForCompletion();

4、下载文件

File file = new  File("your-destFile");
Download download = transferManager.download("your-bucketname", "your-objectname", file);
download.waitForCompletion();

参考资料

[1] 网易数帆S3 Java SDK 手册

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